Exercise Reduces Diabetic Immobility

diabetes and exerciseResearchers from Wake Forest University have found that exercise and calorie reduction help prevent the loss of mobility among adult diabetes patients.

The researchers tested 5,016 adults between the ages of 45 and 74 years old with type 2 diabetes mellitus. About a third of the group suffered from reduced mobility at the beginning of the study.

For four years, 2,514 underwent lifestyle intervention consisting primarily of exercise and reducing calories. The other 2,502 patients had only diabetes support and education.

After the four year period, the lifestyle intervention group was 48% less likely to lose mobility compared to the support and education group. The lifestyle intervention group also had significantly more “good mobility” ratings.

Not unexpectedly, the lifestyle intervention group also showed lower levels of obesity and overall improved fitness, measured by treadmill testing. The only adverse events related to the lifestyle intervention were some muscle aches and pains.

The researchers concluded: “An intensive lifestyle intervention that produces weight loss and improves fitness could slow the loss of mobility in such patients. Weight loss and improved fitness slowed the decline in mobility in overweight adults with type 2 diabetes.”

The mechanism is actually quite simple. Exercise increases artery health, which increases circulation and nutrient delivery to muscles and joints. This helps keep the body moving.

The research was funded by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Written by Case Adams PhD

REFERENCE:
Rejeski WJ, Ip EH, Bertoni AG, Bray GA, Evans G, Gregg EW, Zhang Q; Look AHEAD Research Group. Lifestyle change and mobility in obese adults with type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 29;366(13):1209-17.

Case Adams is a California Naturopath with a PhD in Natural Health Sciences, and Board Certified Alternative Medicine Practitioner. He has authored 26 books on natural healing strategies. “My journey into writing about alternative medicine began about 9:30 one evening after I finished with a patient at the clinic I practiced at over a decade ago. I had just spent the last two hours explaining how diet, sleep and other lifestyle choices create health problems and how changes in these, along with certain herbal medicines and other natural strategies can radically yet safely turn ones health around. As I drove home that night, I realized I needed to get this knowledge out to more people. So I began writing about health with a mission to reach those who desperately need this information. The strategies in my books and articles are backed by scientific evidence along with wisdom handed down through traditional medicines for thousands of years.”

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